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TeamMTL is a collaborative endeavour between the School of Architecture at McGill University and Concordia University including faculty from the Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering, the Department of Design and Computational Arts, the Department of Contemporary Dance, and the John Molson School of Business.
The International Solar Decathlon China 2018 will take place in Dezhou, China (late summer/early Fall 2018) and the overarching goal established by the Solar Decathlon China Organization Committee is the realization of a fully functional, permanent residence that will be inhabited.
It is not a demonstration project as in other competitions that often finds itself dismantled or resting as a display structure fulfilling another function or program. TeamMTL begins with the premise that the project design and construction must be applicable to the contemporary Montreal urban, social, and affordable housing context and northern climate as well as to the competition context in China. Each site exists within the same climatic zone.
TeamMTL is proposing the design and construction of two permanent homes. The first will be built for the competition in Dezhou in August 2018. Since the Deep Performance Dwelling will remain in China permanently, we will build a finer-tuned and site-specific dwelling in Montreal from the lessons learned throughout the competition. It will be monitored and evaluated over time. The Montreal-based Deep-Performance Dwelling will serve as an innovative exemplar and showcase of the future and possibility of affordable housing in Montreal, Quebec, and Canada.
The majority of the world’s population now lives in cities and the rapid urbanization shows no indication of abating. A 2010 study for UN Habitat, estimated that by 2030 there will 3.5 times the amount of new construction worldwide as the current building stock in the US. In North America, movement to urban centers has outpaced that to suburbia for the first time since the mid-twentieth century. The Deep-Performance Dwelling is intended as an urban single-family home that answers the pressing global challenge to provide affordable and robust housing in cities that must achieve greater environmental and cultural sustainability, livability, and social equity.
We consider the ongoing transformation in the social dynamics and variability of composition of the contemporary family unit as a primary driver for innovation toward urban sustainability. The need for flexibility and adaptability over time for diverse live-work-play and inter-generational scenarios is an inspiration for the architecture of the Deep-Performance Dwelling. This hybrid programmatic intention, intertwined with high- performance building aspirations, is the heart of what we mean by “deep-performance” as our design philosophy.
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Originally launched by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in 2002, China International Solar Decathlon Competition is a green energy building competition involving participants from universities from four continents. The 2017 competition will be held in Dezhou – the sun city of China.
The competition mandate is to design and build a fully functionally, high-comfort, and sustainable dwelling by inventively uniting clean and renewable energy technologies, high-performance building strategies, energy conservation and environmental stewardship principles with innovative architectural design. Proposals will promote the development of green buildings and enhance ecological awareness in addressing sustainable development including viable commercialization strategies.
Each team is required to design and build a two-story, solar-powered house with a floor area of 120-200 m2 (1290-2150 ft2). The house must aim for the permanent use of one single family. Every house must be equipped with all necessary household appliances such as TV, refrigerator, cooktop, dishwasher, washing machine and computer, and provide household electric vehicle as well as its matched charging device, while all appliances must be powered by solar energy. The jury will evaluate the house’s cost feasibility, power efficiency, environment adaptability, power generation capacity, and architectural quality. Final judging is determined by a total of ten contests.